Every year, approximately 1.3 million people worldwide die in road traffic accidents. This is why in times of crisis, every second counts.
eCall is an emergency call system designed to swiftly connect users to emergency services after a serious accident. This EU technology is a vital automotive innovation that saves lives and improves public road safety.
What is eCall?
Short for "emergency call", eCall is a car safety telematics system that automatically calls emergency services after a road car accident.
The system uses different sensors to detect trigger events indicative of collision, such as a sudden drop in speed or airbag activation. Upon detecting a severe impact, eCall automatically places a free call to 112, delivering crucial information about the vehicle's location to the nearest public-safety answering point (PSAP).
A brief history
The European Union launched eCall in the early 2000s. The aim was to introduce a universal SOS telematic embedded system in cars to automatically notify emergency services of road traffic accidents.
The idea gained momentum, leading to the establishment of the SOS eCall project in 2003.
By 2018, eCall systems became mandatory for all new vehicles manufactured or sold in the European Union, marking a significant milestone in automotive safety standards.
How does eCall work?
eCall relies on a combination of sensors, communication modules, and positioning systems to function seamlessly.
When detecting an accident, the system uses a cellular network to initiate and automated call using data and voice (e.g. GSM, UMTS), providing vital details to the nearest emergency center. These details include vehicle's location, the accident's time of occurrence, and the number of passengers.
The system utilizes the GNSS technology to determine the vehicle's precise location. The solution can give additional details about the car's brand, fuel type, and crash severity. This helps emergency workers provide optimum roadside assistance.