u-center 2 用户指南

目录

User guide release date: May 13, 2024

u-center 2 version: v24.05.102525

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in the products, names, logos, and designs included in this
document. Copying, reproduction, or modification of this
document or any part thereof is only permitted with the express
written permission of u-blox. Disclosure to third parties is
permitted for clearly public documents only.

The information contained herein is provided “as is” and
u-blox assumes no liability for the use of the information. No
warranty, either express or implied, is given with respect to,
including but not limited to, the accuracy, correctness,
reliability, and fitness for a particular purpose of the
information. This document may be revised by u-blox at any time.
For most recent documents, visit www.u-blox.com.

Copyright © 2023, u-blox AG

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1 Overview

u-center 2 is u-blox's powerful tool for configuration,
evaluation, and debugging of u-blox GNSS receivers and
services.

It allows the end users to assess and test u-blox positioning
chips, modules, evaluation kits, application boards and similar
devices for navigation and positioning performance.

This document provides a guide for starting to use the
features of this software and explains how to resolve common use
cases.

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2 System requirements

u-center 2 has been tested on Windows 10 (64 bit) platform
and runs on Windows 11 as is. It currently supports u-blox gen
10 GNSS devices.

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3 Getting started

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3.1 Installing u-center 2

u-center 2 can be downloaded from u-center
website
. The u-center 2 package comes with a setup file.
Click the file and follow the steps to install the application
(administration rights might be needed). Once the installation
has completed successfully, you need to enter your u-blox
support portal account credentials and log in with a browser.
FireFox is the recommended browser for u-center 2.

Log in before application starts up

After login, having internet connectivity, u-center 2 will
start and can also be used offline.

3.1.1 Updating u-center

After each start - or for continuously running software every
24 hours - the application will check for possible updates. If
an update is available, then the application will download it in
the background and will inform the user by a notification. User
settings and login credentials are not affected or changed.

Update notification

If the user dismisses the update it will still be available
from the "Help" menu in case the user intends to perform it
later on.

Update in help

When the user starts the update process, the installer starts
and asks the user to close the running application. After
finishing the installation the software will be restarted.

u-center 2 running

3.1.2 User feedback

If you want to share your feedback to improve u-center 2
further, select User feedback option in help
menu.

User feedback

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3.2 Connecting a device

To evaluate u-blox devices, make sure you have the
appropriate USB driver installed in your system. To connect a
device to the u-center 2:

  1. Click the Devices icon on the left menu bar.
Devices icon
  1. Click Add device.
  2. Select the COM port of the device. For connecting the device
    in safeboot mode, check safeboot in Device
    management
    .
Add device modal
Add device modal device list
  1. Select autobauding for automatic detection of the baud rate
    or deselect it to manually select the baud rate.

The connection switch turns green as a signal of a valid
communication and an indicator will show if u-center 2 is
receiving messages or not.

Device receiving data


Device not receiving data

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4 Device management

Once you have connected the device, you can view the device
information by selecting the arrow pointing to the right in the
device menu.

Open Device Info

The device information shows the hardware and firmware
versions as well as a drop-down menu to change the baud rate
from a list of predefined baud rates. A number in the left hand
corner indicates the device identifier, which can be seen in all
open views. It will show which receiver it iconencting to and
getting data from.

Add content


Device Info

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4.1 Configuration actions

To save, load and revert to default configuration, use the
Save, Load and
Revert buttons in Device info >
Configuration actions.

  1. Save: Saves the current receiver
    configuration to battery backed RAM (BBR) and flash from read
    access memory (RAM) of the receiver

    Save configurations
  2. Load: Loads the last configuration that
    was saved to BBR and flash, ignoring what is configured in the
    RAM layer.

    Load last saved configuraiton from BBR and flash
  3. Revert: Reverts to the default firmware
    configuration and clears all the configurations done in BBR,
    flash or the RAM layer of the receiver

    Revert to factory default and clear BBR and flash

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4.2 Restarting a device

When a device is connected and u-center 2 is receiving data,
the Restart section gives the option to perform
a Cold start, Warm start or
Hot start.

Restarting a device

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4.3 Enable debug messages

Selecting Debug will enable a range of
messages best suited for debugging the device configuration.

Enable debug messages

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4.4 Access a device
in safeboot mode

Sometimes receiver need to be in safeboot mode to be able to
configure some specific configuration. To add a u-blox device
that is in safeboot mode to u-center 2:

  1. Ensure that your device is in safeboot
    mode
    . For details check the device integration manual,
    which you can be found on u-blox.com.

  2. Click the Devices icon on the left menu bar.

    Devices icon
  3. Click Add device.

  4. Select the COM port of the device.

    Select COM port


Select COM port device list
  1. Select the safeboot option for connecting to the device
    in safeboot mode. This will also send the training sequence in
    the background to be able to synchronize with the external
    clock.

    Access device in safeboot mode

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5 Device configuration

To access the device configuration menu:

  1. Open the Devices menu by selecting the
    Devices icon on the left menu bar.

  2. Select the Device configuration
    button.

    Device configuration

    This will display the Device configuration
    window.

    Note that you can pop out the Device
    configuration
    window and move it outside the u-center 2
    application. It can remain open while you are working with the
    other windows in the u-center 2 application.

  3. Select Quick configuration for
    user-friendly configurations, or

  4. Select Advanced configuration for expert
    configuration options.

  5. Select one of the Saved configurations to apply a
    previously saved set of advanced configuration items.

Note that the configuration menu is also available even
without connecting devices.

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5.1 Quick configuration

Quick configurations are an easy way to configure the
device.

5.1.1 Constellation
configuration

To enable or disable satellite constellations including
signals, select the Constellation configuration
item.

Constellation configuraiton

5.1.2 Time Mode

This section allows the simple configuration of time mode
compatible devices which support CFG-TMODE-* configuration
items. Your selections will be used to construct a set of
CFG-TMODE-* configuration items grouped in a single
UBX-CFG-VALSET message that can be configured in three different
layers of the connected device.

If no device is connected, it is still possible to copy the
generated string and share it.

Send hex string

To set the timing device into base mode, enable the survey-in
procedure or specify fixed coordinates. To find the appropriate
values to configure in different modes, check the product
Integration manual. The following configuration options are
available:

  • Disabled: Disables any base mode configuration that has been
    done on the device before.
  • Survey in: Sets the device to survey-in mode. This requires
    setting how long the survey needs to at least last and the
    minimum required accuracy, both of which will depend on the
    environment of the base location.
  • Fixed: Configures the device in the timing mode in which the
    fixed coordinates, position accuracy and position type are given
    to the device. The position type can be provided as geocentric
    coordinates or geographic coordinates.

5.1.3 Time Pulse Mode

This section allows the simple configuration of time pulse
mode compatible devices which supports CFG-TMODE-* configuration
items. Your selections will be used to construct a set of
CFG-TMODE-* configuration items grouped in a single
UBX-CFG-VALSET message that can be configured in three different
layers of the connected device. If no device is connected, it is
possible to copy and share the generated string in need.

Send hex string

Check the device integration manual for the parameters to
choose for device global settings and Time pulse settings.

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5.2 Advanced
configuration

The Advanced configuration panel allows a device to be
configured by sending individual configuration item key ID and
value pairs to the device's random access memory (RAM), battery
backed RAM (BBR) and flash configuration layers. In addition,
the current configuration of the device can also be viewed by
retrieving configuration items from the device's configuration
layers.

5.2.1
Reading the device's configuration items

To read configuration items of the connected device, select
the configuration item of interest from the
Items panel. This sends a poll request to the
device. If the device supports the selected configuration item,
it will send back the corresponding value for each configuration
layer, which will then be displayed.

Display configuration item value

To be able to poll all the supported configuration item
values from all configuration layers, click on the three dot
burger menu and select Capture all configuration layer
values
. This will poll all the values from all possible
layers for the configuration items that are supported by the FW
version of the connected device. You will get a configuration
items column only with supported items.

To create a configuration list from these items, select
Create configuraiton list option from three dot
burger menu. This will transfer all the configuration items to
right hand side configuration changes list. The list can be then
saved as a file in Saved configurations section
to export or share. This file can be imported later to apply to
any relevant receiver for debug purposes.

5.2.2
Filtering configuration items with presets

Use the preset filters added in the filter field of the
middle configuration items column.

Filter configuration items

Click the drop down menu to get the preset filter
options:

  1. Show items with values: Click that to get the filtered
    configuration items list which are only supported in connected
    receiver FW version. Remember to capture the values for all the
    items first from the three dot burger menu first.
  2. Show RAM != Default: Click that to get the filtered list of
    configuration items which has updated values from FW default in
    any layer.

5.2.3 Setting the
device's configuration

A device is configured by sending individual configuration
item key ID and value pairs to the device's RAM, BBR and flash
configuration layers.

To do this:

  1. In the Items panel, select the
    configuration group to expand the item tree.

  2. Within this group, select the configuration item to show
    its current configuration on all layers, and its details in the
    right hand panel.

    Select configuration item
  3. Select the layers to write

    Select layers to write
  4. Enter/select an appropriate value.

  5. Select the Set button. This will add the
    item, its value and the layers to the Configuration
    changes
    list.

  6. Repeat steps 1 to 5 to build up your list of
    configuration item changes

  7. Review the list configuration item changes to send to the
    device. The order each configuration item is sent to the device
    is top down. To change the order, drag an item in the
    Configuration changes list to the new position.
    To remove an item select Clear.

    Configuration changes list

    Each configuration property in the list will be sent as an
    individual UBX-CFG-VALSET message. By selecting Send
    configuration in batch mode
    these properties will be
    grouped together into one UBX-CFG-VALSET message per layer. This
    will result in fewer messages which can be send to the connected
    device faster.

    To change the value of an item or its layer, select
    Edit or double click on the item. In the top
    panel the item will appear allowing its value and/or layer to be
    changed. Select Update to add any changes to
    the item back to the Configuration changes
    list, or Cancel if any changes are not
    wanted.